CGCC

Extension of Request for Proposal “Legal Counsel”

CGCC is a state-owned enterprise, established under the technical and financial guidance of the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF) to provide credit guarantees based on international standards to improve financial inclusion and support the growth of SMEs in Cambodia. CGCC obtained the accreditation from the Securities and Exchange Regulator of Cambodia (“SERC”) to become the bond guarantor on 22 August 2023 (“Bond Guarantor” or “Guarantor”).

CGCC wishes to provide guarantee on bonds to be listed on the Cambodia Securities Exchange.

CGCC is seeking to engage a Cambodian legal counsel (“Legal Counsel”) to perform the services as described in the scope of work.

 

Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province

On 15th September 2023, the Credit Guarantee Corporation of Cambodia (CGCC) and Cambodia Chamber of Commerce (CCC) co-organized a seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin province in collaboration with Pailin Chamber of Commerce with more than 80 participants from Management and staff of participating financial institutions (PFIs) and small and medium business owners in Pailin and other provinces. The seminar was also presided over by H.E. Oknha. Lor Sun Cheang, President of Pailin Chamber of Commerce, Mr. No Lida, Deputy CEO of CGCC, Mr. Hun Vatha, Vice President of Cambodia Agricultural Corporative Alliance (CACA), and the presentations by representatives from LOLC Microfinance Institution and ABA Bank as well.

Through this seminar, small and medium business owners are informed about the benefits of guaranteed loans through CGCC’s participating financial institutions in response to the lack of collateral when applying for a loan to expand and rehabilitate their businesses more.

Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province
Dissemination Seminar on “Guaranteed Loans to Support the Development of Small and Medium Enterprises” in Pailin Province

CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee

From 11 September to 14 September 2023, CGCC team led by Mr. Hor Saopiseth, Manager of Centralized Operations of CGCC, visited provincial branches of selected participating financial institutions (PFIs) to discuss with the management and staff of the selected PFIs the implementation of CGCC’s credit guarantee schemes. The selected PFIs in 4 provinces including:

– Kampong Chnang province: ABA Bank and Chamroeun Microfinance

– Pursat province: Prince Bank, Canadia Bank and Chamroeun Microfinance.

– Battambang Province: Prince Bank, FTB Bank, and Maybank

– Pailin Province: LOLC Microfinance, Phillip Bank and ABA Bank.

The discussions with CGCC PFIs’ provincial branches in these 4 potential provinces provided opportunities for both CGCC and PFIs to enhance mutual understanding of credit guarantees and opportunities for PFIs to increase lending to borrowers that lack collateral when requesting loans.

CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee
CGCC visits PFIs provincial branches in Kampong Chnang, Pursat, Battambang & Pailin to Enhance Collaboration on the Credit Guarantee

Courtesy visit by CGCC to NBC to discuss on the current situation of the credit market in Cambodia

On Friday, 12 May 2023, at the National Bank of Cambodia (NBC), Credit Guarantee Corporation of Cambodia (CGCC), led by Mr. Wong Keet Loong, CEO of CGCC, paid a courtesy visit to H.E. Rath Sovannorak, Assistant Governor and Director General of Banking Supervision of NBC.

CGCC’s CEO, Mr. KL Wong was very grateful for the warm welcome of H.E Sovannorak and his team and was very pleased to update on CGCC’s latest progress in providing credit guarantee and CGCC’s strategy that requires close cooperation and support from NBC.

In response, H.E. Sovannorak praised the progress made by CGCC and expressed his support for CGCC’s mission to provide guarantees on loans disbursed by banks and microfinance institutions (MFIs) to businesses that lack collaterals, especially SMEs, the backbone of the economy,​ and to raise SMEs awareness on financial literacy.

The meeting also discussed the latest development in the banking sector, new NBC regulations as well as ways to enhance cooperation to improve financial inclusion and access to finance.

CGCC provides $105M credit guarantees to over 1K businesses

The Credit Guarantee Corporation of Cambodia (CGCC) provided credit guarantees of $105 million as of February to businesses as their working capital for expansion.

In a factsheet issued on March 10, CGCC said that as of the end of February it has supported 1,155 businesses by providing credit guarantees for their loan applications, amounting to $104.9 million.

Large portions of the loan guarantee were used as working capital and other purposes of investment or business expansion, and capital expenditure, the report mentioned. As of January 2023, the outstanding guaranteed loan was $81.6 million while the outstanding guaranteed amount was $58.8 million.

Various credit guarantee schemes have played a crucial role in strengthening entrepreneurship and enhancing financial inclusion in Cambodia, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic, through the smooth disbursal of loans, CGCC said.

The CGCC has come up with three guarantee schemes so far — the Business Recovery Guarantee Scheme (BRGS) launched in March 2022, the Co-Financing Guarantee Scheme (CFGS) unveiled in September 2021 and the Women Entrepreneurs Guarantee Scheme launched in April 2022, besides the extension of the CFGS to tourism. The CGCC of the Ministry of Economy and Finance has extended the BRGS from January 1, 2023, until the $200-million scheme is fully utilised.

Updating some scheme features, including the scheme period, the definition of the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) and large firms, and the maximum loan amount for each guarantee are on the extension of BRGS.

BRGS aims to support businesses, including MSMEs and firms, to enhance their access to formal loans from Participating Financial Institutions for working capital, investment, and business expansion.

CGCC-guaranteed loans jump 13% year-to-date, top $104M

Credit Guarantee Corporation of Cambodia Plc (CGCC) reportedly issued a total of 1,155 Letters of Guarantee (LG) for loans worth $104.9 million equivalent as of February 28 – up 13 per cent year-to-date – as part of its mission to improve financial inclusion among small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) and promote the sustainability and expansion of businesses worst hit by Covid-19.

As of January 31, the outstanding guaranteed amount was $58.9 million out of the $81.6 million worth of loans covered by the LGs, as noted by the state-owned enterprise in a new report, remaining in the 70-80 per cent target range at just over 72 per cent.

The CGCC was established by Sub-Decree No 140/ANKR/BK on September 1, 2020, and its $200 million Business Recovery Guarantee Scheme (BRGS) was launched on March 29, 2021 in a bid to widen access to formal loans from participating financial institutions (PFI) for working capital, investment and business expansions.

Cambodia Microfinance Association (CMA) chairman Sok Voeun lauded the CGCC’s credit guarantee arrangements as important tools for SMEs to access formal unsecured loans to keep their businesses afloat and expand in light of Covid-19 bruises.

He told The Post on March 13 that commercial banks accounted for 80 per cent of loans covered by the 1,155 LGs, while microfinance institutions (MFI) “partnering with the PFI” constituted the rest.

On the other hand, banking institutions accounted for about 95 per cent of the $104.9 million loan value, he said.

“We’ve provided credit to most of the priority sectors, including services, agriculture and manufacturing,” he affirmed.

“We are happy to join the CGCC because risks are guaranteed. We’ve noted that since the beginning of the project, the rate of bad loans has been minimal because the businesses have the potential to stimulate economic activity, although they may not have collateral.

“Hence the credit guarantee scheme has been a big help for them to expand their businesses,” he said.

The finance ministry has authorised the extension of the BRGS beyond December 31, 2022, until all funds have been utilised, an early-January CGCC statement confirmed, which noted that the terms of the scheme had also been updated, including the maximum guarantee amounts for differing categories of businesses.

The statement disclosed that loans, mostly unsecured, totalling about $89 million were guaranteed by the CGCC as of December 31 under the BRGS.

Cambodia Post Bank Plc, one of the PFIs, accounted for roughly $1 million of that, all of which went to SMEs, confirmed its CEO Toch Chaochek, telling The Post on March 13 that the plan is to increase that to $5-10 million in 2023.

To this end, the bank aims to shift its focus, from large SMEs with adequate collateral that are seeking to expand, to smaller ones without the assets needed for the secured loans to do the same, he revealed.

“The CGCC project is great for SMEs that do not have the collateral to obtain the loans – they have a shot at rehabilitating and expanding their businesses,” Chaochek said.

Credit to: Phnom Penh Post, Publication date 13 March 2023

CGCC and Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Enterprise Development of “Give a Day” Event

On 10 February 2023, Mr. Wong Keet Loong, CEO of CGCC, provided a Keynote Presentation on “Credit Guarantee Schemes of CGCC and its Role in Enterprise Development” at “Give a Day” event, co-organized by Swisscontact, Khmer Enterprise, and Pact Cambodia, and presided over by H.E. Dr. Chhieng Vanmunin, Mr. Rajiv Pradhan, Country Director of Swisscontact, Ms. Sabine Joukes, Chief of Party, WE Act/Pact Cambodia, and participated by almost representatives from Entrepreneur Support Organizations (ESOs), investors and business associations.

CGCC and Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Enterprise Development of “Give a Day” Event
CGCC and Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Enterprise Development of “Give a Day” Event

“Give a Day” is a forum gathering the entrepreneurial ecosystem community in Cambodia that are mutually supporting each other with​ the willingness to​​ bring any open discussion related to entrepreneurship for effective solutions. Today’s “Give a Day” event theme is credit guarantee schemes that are a gateway for SMEs to access formal loans, therefore it is crucial that SMEs and ESOs understand the schemes.

Mr. KL Wong introduced credit guarantee schemes’ journey in Cambodian Financial Ecosystem and its role in supporting potential MSMEs to be able to obtain an easier and larger amount of loans under CGCC’s credit guarantee through CGCC’s participating financial institutions. Participants were pleased to learn about the benefits of credit guarantees and how this financial instrument could address the challenges in access to finance that their members and network are currently facing.

CGCC and Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Enterprise Development of “Give a Day” Event
CGCC and Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Enterprise Development of “Give a Day” Event
CGCC and Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Enterprise Development of “Give a Day” Event
CGCC and Role of Credit Guarantee Schemes in Enterprise Development of “Give a Day” Event

You might be to know more about: 8th Board of Directors Meeting of Credit Guarantee Corporation of Cambodia

Understanding Credit Guarantee-Canadia Bank’s View on Partnership with CGCC

Read and Download in PDF: Hear from our PFIs_Canadia Bank

  1. As one of the first banks who become CGCC’s PFIs, what motivates Canadia Bank to utilize the credit guarantee schemes with the existing loan products of Canadia?

One of the main reasons that motivates us to use credit guarantee schemes is that we believe that the CGCC credit guarantee scheme can help potential business owners who need loans to for their businesses but do not have enough collaterals to access more capitals to meet the financial needs of their businesses, especially to recover and expand the businesses after the COVID crisis has been eased.

 

  1. After adopting CGCC’s credit guarantee schemes for more than a year, how do those schemes benefit the bank and your customers?

We have provided loans under the CGCC credit guarantee schemes to more than 200 clients with a total loan size of nearly $ 20 million over the past year. Through these guaranteed loans, clients are able to expand their business in various sectors that generate more employment and contributed significantly to the country’s economic recovery.

 

  1. How does Canadia Bank structure loans with credit guarantee?

We have CGCC’s guaranteed loan programs for potential clients with good credit histories and clear business plans. It can be provided to both existing customers and new customers.

 

  1. Recently, both Canadia Bank and CGCC have each launched products supporting women entrepreneurs. How will the “Smart Lady Loan” and CGCC’s “Women Entrepreneurs Guarantee Scheme” (WEGS) impact women-owned SMEs in greater access to finance regarding unsecured loans?

“Smart Lady” of Canadia Bank and “Women Entrepreneur Guarantee Scheme (WEGS)” of CGCC are making a significant contribution to support women entrepreneurs to access to the finance for their business needs, avoiding high-risk and risky loans. Through these two projects, women entrepreneurs have not only been able to access their loans more easily and conveniently but have significantly reduced their financial costs, especially in the first year, which included lower interest rates and guarantee fees. In addition, women entrepreneurs will receive many other benefits through the Smart Women Lady loan program from Canadia Bank.

 

  1. Canadia Bank is currently the top performer of using CGCC’s scheme, what is Canadia Bank’s strategy of further expanding the usage of credit guarantees, especially to the rural area SMEs?

We continue to reach out to our target customers, especially those who have potential businesses but do not have sufficient collateral to secure a loan. We will also continue to link credit guarantee schemes with our new loan products to provide a wider range of options for our customers.

 

  1. As the credit guarantee topic is a new topic in Cambodia, how should Canadia Bank and CGCC do to raise awareness of credit guarantee to the borrowers?

In order to raise awareness about credit guarantee, we should continue to promote it more comprehensively, especially reach out to more business owners through social media, workshops, business associations, etc.

5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!

Read & Download Full Article in PDF: 5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!

Credit guarantee aims to support businesses, especially SMEs, access to formal loans. Under CGCC’s current schemes, CGCC provides credit guarantees on loans disbursed by banks and microfinance institutions that are the participating financial institutions (PFIs) to the borrowers. To reap the benefits of credit guarantees, the borrowers must be ready to apply for loans from the PFIs in the first place. Understanding how the PFIs assess the borrower’s creditworthiness helps the borrower better prepare to get the guaranteed loans.

 

Conditions

5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!
5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!

Before approving a loan, the bank must be convinced about the loan purpose and the appropriate loan amount for such purpose. How can the borrowers convince the bank? A reliable business plan and financial statement are good testimony to justify the loan purpose and amount. A proper business plan and financial records not only make it easier to borrow but also allow borrowers to critically examine the current business condition and plan better for success. Precisely, they help gauge the appropriate loan amount and repayment capacity. Indeed, borrowing the right amount matters. A surplus borrowing costs unnecessary accumulated interest, fees, and prepayment penalties, while inadequate borrowing may hinder potential business growth. This is called “condition,” one of the 5 Cs that banks use to evaluate borrowers’ creditworthiness.

 

Collateral

5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!
5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!

Given that the condition is satisfied, banks also require “collateral” to protect themselves against loan default. The banks typically provide loans worth about 70% of the borrower’s collateral value. The collateral requirement is one of the main challenges for borrowers’ access to loans from banks. According to IFC, of all small and medium enterprises that approached banks for loans, 66% were rejected because of lacking collateral requirements. This is why CGCC comes in. CGCC provides credit guarantees to banks to act as collateral on behalf of the borrowers. CGCC’s PFIs can assess the borrower’s creditworthiness by treating the credit guarantee as the borrower’s collateral. This reduces the collateral burden for the borrowers when applying for loans.

 

Capacity

5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!
5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!

The ability to repay the loan is the fundamental requirement for the bank to approve a loan. Regardless of satisfactory conditions and collateral or CGCC’s guarantees, the banks would not lend, and CGCC cannot guarantee if the borrowers cannot prove that they can repay the loans. So how can the borrower justify the “capacity” to repay? Again, this is when a reliable business plan and financial record can come into play. A proper financial statement tells the borrower’s assets, liabilities, equity, income, and cash flow which are reliable sources to evaluate the repayment capacity. Plus, the business plan describes the future business trajectory in which future income can also be used to justify the repayment capacity.

 

Capital

5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!
5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!

If banks provide business loans, they want to know how much own “capital” the borrower put into the business. This matters because it shows the borrower’s commitment to the company where the loan proceeds will be used. It shows “skin in the game.” How can the borrower master this? The proper financial record should show the owner’s equity in the business. Official supporting documents such as partnership agreement and company registration are valid evidence of the borrower’s investment in the company. Usually, banks find it more challenging to assess informal or unregistered businesses because they lack reliable sources of the document to validate their creditworthiness. That is why businesses are encouraged to register to improve their access to finance.

Character

5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!
5 important things SMEs should understand to apply for guaranteed loans!

Another criterion to prove the repayment capacity is the “Character” of the borrower. Notably, banks investigate the borrower’s credit records, including loan repayment history, number of loans, and current loan outstanding, etc. The primary purpose is to assess the borrower’s trustworthiness. Currently, Cambodia Credit Bureau (CBC) provides comprehensive credit reporting on individuals and businesses, which is helpful for banks to evaluate the borrower’s character. However, in some instances, if your credit records are not favorable, you need to strengthen other Cs to convince the banks. For example, during the COVID-19 Pandemic, many businesses face challenges leading to late debt repayment and loan default, adversely impacting their “Character” and “Capital.” In this case, to get loans, the borrowers need to demonstrate a solid business plan which can improve “Condition” and “Capacity” and utilize CGCC’s credit guarantees which can improve “Collateral.”

 

As we can see, the 5Cs – condition, collateral, capacity, capital, and character – are important factors that banks evaluate the borrowers before deciding to lend. Improving the 5Cs increases the chance of getting loans from banks. A reliable financial statement and business plan can be used to validate every Cs, while a credit guarantee can help address the “Collateral” issue.

Give Non-Collateral a chance! Credit Guarantee Mechanisms and Benefits for Banks, MFIs and Businesses

Download the Full article in PDF: Give Non-Collateral a chance! 

Lack of collateral is the main challenge for businesses in Cambodia to get loans. The Royal Government of Cambodia established the Credit Guarantee Corporation of Cambodia (CGCC) to address this challenge. With credit guarantees, borrowing without collateral is no longer impossible. For CGCC to yield the benefits requires a good understanding from relevant stakeholders about how it works.

Simply put, CGCC provides credit guarantees to share the credit risk with the banks on loans made to businesses. In other words, the banks can claim from CGCC if the guaranteed loan defaults. There are two main types of credit guarantee – individual guarantee whereby the guarantee covers individual loans and portfolio guarantee whereby the guarantee covers a portfolio consisting of multiple loans. Since CGCC itself is not a lending institution, it currently collaborates with banks and micro-finance institutions (MFIs) that are the participating financial institutions (PFIs) to provide guaranteed loans to businesses. As a government-backed institution with adequate capital in its account, CGCC is set to provide a wide range of guarantees on loans disbursed to Cambodian-owned businesses across the country.

 

Why should the lender need the credit guarantee?

Give Non-Collateral a chance! Credit Guarantee Mechanisms and Benefits for Banks, MFIs and Businesses
Give Non-Collateral a chance! Credit Guarantee Mechanisms and Benefits for Banks, MFIs and Businesses

When lending, banks normally protect themselves by requiring collateral from the borrowers. When the borrower cannot repay the loan, the banks liquidate the collaterals to cover the loss. If the required collateral is not sufficient, the bank is unlikely to lend. The collateral requirement becomes more stringent, especially during times of uncertainty such as the COVID-19 Pandemic, because businesses are perceived to be riskier, and banks become more risk-averse. Now with CGCC, the banks can protect themselves with the credit guarantee instead of the collaterals. Currently, CGCC provides credit guarantees up to 80% of the outstanding loan principal which means that the bank bears the remaining 20% of the loss if the loan defaults. The credit guarantee empowers banks to remain competitive in the market and to lend out more to underserved borrowers who lack collaterals, what is referred to as “credit additionality.”

 

Why should the borrower need the credit guarantee?

Give Non-Collateral a chance! Credit Guarantee Mechanisms and Benefits for Banks, MFIs and Businesses
Give Non-Collateral a chance! Credit Guarantee Mechanisms and Benefits for Banks, MFIs and Businesses

Credit guarantees increase the borrowing capacity. CGCC provides guarantees that act as collateral on the borrower’s behalf. Needless to say, CGCC cannot be beneficial for every business. By all means, if the business has sufficient collateral and the ability to repay the loan, the chance is that such a business does not need a credit guarantee, and the bank would also be happy to lend even without CGCC’s guarantee. However, it is common that a potential business with the ability to repay the loan is unable to borrow because of insufficient collateral. Businesses simply cannot pledge the collateral on every loan they wish to borrow. The collateral is limited. This is a huge loss to the business and the economy as a whole. With the required loan, the business could have generated more income, employed more workers, and produced goods or services that contribute to the economic growth of the country. When CGCC provides guarantees to the banks, the borrowers now have easier access to loans from the banks because the banks are willing to lend more with less collateral requirement.

Credit guarantees are used by many countries as a policy tool to improve access to finance and financial inclusion. However, never before has a credit guarantee corporation been incorporated in Cambodia. According to the World Bank, “Public credit guarantee schemes (CGSs) are a common form of government intervention to unlock finance for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). More than half of all countries in the world have a CGS for SMEs and the number is growing.” While many credit guarantee schemes have proved successful in supporting the SMEs, many have also failed.

It is still early to assess how far and how fast CGCC can support the businesses. CGCC must continue to strengthen credibility, efficiency, and transparency and adhere to the best practices including the World Bank’s principles for public credit guarantee schemes for SMEs to gain trust and support from all relevant stakeholders. What is also important at this stage is that all the players understand and start to utilize the credit guarantees for the right purposes.